Zoomburuk (a.k.a. "Camel Guns")
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Developed in 1851, the zoomburuk (a.k.a. "camel gun") has changed life in the desert regions of the planet. Early models had a fibrous matting stuffed in among the barrels which could be soaked with water to cool the barrels down. Later models eliminated the matting-filled barrels as being counterproductive. The ammunition was initially a steel cylinder charged with black powder and primed with a percussion cap, because self-contained brass cartridges had not yet been fully developed and become available. The shells were gravity-fed into the breech through a hopper or stick magazine on top of the gun. Each barrel had its own firing mechanism. After 1861, new brass cartridges similar to modern cartridges replaced the paper cartridge, but camel guns did not switch to them immediately.

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Starting in 1874, many desert nomadic tribes began purchasing the zoomburuk, and mounting them to their camels. These guns featured a shorter, lighter bronze breech that resulted in a lighter and sturdier .45 cal. gun. The gun had an automatic or manual traversing mechanism and for the first time, an adjustable set screw which permitted head space adjustment. A right hand mounting sight permitted the feed hopper to be shifted from 45┬░ to a vertical feed, using a new box magazine. The guns were made in two lengths, a musket length and a smaller shorter length zoomburuk gun. This ten-barrel .45 cal. gun had an improved automatic or manual traversing mechanism.

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Furthermore, one of the most charming and characterful of these "stable technologies" is the camel, a stubborn creature able to survive in some of the most inhospitable environments in the world. Camels have long been admired by indigenous desert dwellers and foreigners alike for their toughness, intelligence, and reliability in arid environments. Indeed, as a staple method of transport they have survived through even into the present day, surpassing automobiles in certain areas. With pests ranging from the Temujin, to land coral, the zoomburuk serves as powerful tool for many nomadic tribes in the region.

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